This is best karaté, n° 8. Gankaku, Jion PDF latest accepted revision, reviewed on 5 December 2018. This article is about the martial art.
Cet ouvrage présente des techniques éblouissantes pour contre attaquer avec le revers de poing ou le coup de pied latéral.
Chinese Kung Fu, particularly Fujian White Crane. The Ryukyu Kingdom was annexed by Japan in 1879. Karate was brought to Japanese archipelago in the early 20th century during a time of migration as Ryukyuans, especially from Okinawa, looked for work in Japan. Japanese wished to develop the combat form in Japanese style. After World War II, Okinawa became an important United States military site and karate became popular among servicemen stationed there. The martial arts movies of the 1960s and 1970s served to greatly increase the popularity of martial arts around the world, and in English the word karate began to be used in a generic way to refer to all striking-based Oriental martial arts. Shigeru Egami, Chief Instructor of Shotokan Dojo, opined that « the majority of followers of karate in overseas countries pursue karate only for its fighting techniques Movies and television depict karate as a mysterious way of fighting capable of causing death or injury with a single blow the mass media present a pseudo art far from the real thing.
On 28 September 2015, karate was featured on a shortlist along with baseball, softball, skateboarding, surfing, and sport climbing to be considered for inclusion in the 2020 Summer Olympics. 50 million karate practitioners worldwide, while the World Karate Federation claims there are 100 million practitioners around the world. There were few formal styles of te, but rather many practitioners with their own methods. One surviving example is the Motobu-ryū school passed down from the Motobu family by Seikichi Uehara.
Members of the Okinawan upper classes were sent to China regularly to study various political and practical disciplines. The incorporation of empty-handed Chinese Kung Fu into Okinawan martial arts occurred partly because of these exchanges and partly because of growing legal restrictions on the use of weaponry. Itosu adapted two forms he had learned from Matsumura. These are kusanku and chiang nan. In 1881 Higaonna Kanryō returned from China after years of instruction with Ryu Ryu Ko and founded what would become Naha-te. At the age of 20 he went to Fuzhou in Fujian Province, China, to escape Japanese military conscription. While there he studied under Shushiwa.
He was a leading figure of Chinese Nanpa Shorin-ken style at that time. This section needs additional citations for verification. Gichin Funakoshi, founder of Shotokan karate, is generally credited with having introduced and popularized karate on the main islands of Japan. In addition many Okinawans were actively teaching, and are thus also responsible for the development of karate on the main islands. The dō suffix implies that karatedō is a path to self-knowledge, not just a study of the technical aspects of fighting.
Japanese budō organization Dai Nippon Butoku Kai. Funakoshi also gave Japanese names to many of the kata. The modernization and systemization of karate in Japan also included the adoption of the white uniform that consisted of the kimono and the dogi or keikogi—mostly called just karategi—and colored belt ranks. Kyokushin is largely a synthesis of Shotokan and Gōjū-ryū. Kihon means basics and these form the base for everything else in the style including stances, strikes, punches, kicks and blocks. Karate styles place varying importance on kihon.
Typically this is training in unison of a technique or a combination of techniques by a group of karateka. Kihon may also be prearranged drills in smaller groups or in pairs. Kata is a formalized sequence of movements which represent various offensive and defensive postures. These postures are based on idealized combat applications.
The applications when applied in a demonstration with real opponents is referred to as a Bunkai. The Bunkai shows how every stance and movement is used. To attain a formal rank the karateka must demonstrate competent performance of specific required kata for that level. The Japanese terminology for grades or ranks is commonly used. Requirements for examinations vary among schools. It literally means « meeting of hands. Kumite is practiced both as a sport and as self-defense training.
Levels of physical contact during sparring vary considerably. Full contact karate has several variants. The allowed techniques and contact level are primarily determined by sport or style organization policy, but might be modified according to the age, rank and sex of the participants. Free sparring is performed in a marked or closed area. In the bushidō tradition dojo kun is a set of guidelines for karateka to follow. Okinawan karate uses supplementary training known as hojo undo. This utilizes simple equipment made of wood and stone.