Please forward this error screen to sharedip-16015312934. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the tree. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. The lead section of nature PDF article may need to be rewritten.


Plus de 120 illustrations à colorier autour du thème de la nature, pour laisser libre cours à son imagination et trouver la sérénité.

The reason given is: It doesn’t summarize the body and includes detail not suitable for the lead. Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. Text document with page number icon. This article cites its sources but its page references ranges are too broad. Page ranges should be limited to one or two pages when possible. A banyan, also spelled « banian », is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.

Like other fig species, including the common edible fig Ficus carica, banyans bear multiple fruit in structures denominated « syncarps ». The syncarp of Ficus species supplies shelter and food for fig wasps and, in turn, the trees are totally dependent on the fig wasps for pollination. Frugivore birds disperse the seeds of banyans. The seeds are small, and because most banyans grow in woodlands, a seedling that germinates on the ground is unlikely to survive.

However, many seeds fall on the branches and stems of other trees or on human edifices, and when they germinate they grow roots down toward the ground and consequently may envelop part of the host tree or edifice. The leaves of the banyan tree are large, leathery, glossy, green, and elliptical. Like most figs, the leaf bud is covered by two large scales. As the leaf develops the scales abscise. Young leaves have an attractive reddish tinge. Older banyan trees are characterized by aerial prop roots that mature into thick, woody trunks, which can become indistinguishable from the primary trunk with age. Old trees can spread laterally by using these prop roots to grow over a wide area.